The Beneficiary Institutions
The main Beneficiary Institutions of the Kosovo Environmental Programme are the Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning (MESP) and the Inter-Ministerial Water Council (IMWC) of the Republic of Kosovo. The mandate of the MESP was defined by the UNMIK regulation no.2002/5 and 2005/15 while the general organisation was defined by the Administrative Instruction n. Within these regulatory responsibilities the MESP is responsible to the drafting and implementation of the legislation and related policies in the field of Environment, Water, Waste Management, Air Protection, Nature Protection, Housing, Spatial Planning and Construction. In order to do such a thing, the Ministry has set up departments, institutes and the Kosovo Environmental Protection Agency (KEPA). The MESP has the mandate to develop, recommend and implement policies, norms and standards and the coordination of activities for environmental protection, water management, environmental inspection and spatial planning. It is also responsible for the implementation of the policies and legislation with respect to environmental protection and spatial planning. The IMWC is a committee of relevant Government Ministers chaired by the Prime-Minister, which is also responsible for improving the situation in the water sector through the development of sector policies and action plans based on good practices. The main functions of the IMWC are: (i) to propose laws and other sub-legal acts relating to the regulation of matters of the water field in general; (ii) to implement the laws and other sub-legal acts relating to water management; (iii) to draft and approve the National Water Strategy; (iv) to develop the policy in the field of water; (v) to resolve the financial policy in the water field. Therefore, the IMWC is a coordinating and decision-making body composed by relevant Government Ministers chaired by the Deputy Prime Minister, which is responsible for improving the situation in the water sector through the examination of the systematic issues of water, the harmonization of the different needs and interests and the proposal of measures for the development, utilization and protection of water resources and water system of Kosovo. The IMWC provides the forum for collecting and evaluating the positive experiences in the water sector, but also the drawbacks in implementation, communication and cooperation. Furthermore, it offers a platform for the development of policies for reforming the water sector considering different perspectives, from the one of the water users to the one of the water service providers. The IMWC also develops and approves the policies required to ensure the sustainability of the reforms and the investments in the water sector.